The book Jesus and the Disinherited was published by Howard Thurman in 1949. The people who dealt in the slave traffic were Christians. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Why?

dc.title: Jesus And The Disinherited dc.type: ptiff dc.type: pdf. – At only one point does Thurman insist that he does “not ignore the theological and metaphysical interpretation of the Christian doctrine of salvation” (p. 29) although he never says exactly what this interpretation is. Copyright © 2020 Center for Action and Contemplation. The World Student Christian Federation and the Student Christian Movements of India and the United States sponsored the trip. Thurman presented the basic goal of Jesus' life as helping the disinherited of the world change from within so they would be empowered to survive in the face of oppression. I realized the incredible power of these two streams—social justice and faith—yoked together. It was pure happenstance that Father Richard mentioned Howard Thurman in passing during our January intensive. By continuing to browse our site you agree to our use of cookies and our Privacy Policy.

By inference [Jesus] identifies the principles as follows: Fear: ‘You must abandon your fear of each other and fear only God.’ Deception: ‘You must not indulge in any deception or dishonesty, even to save your lives’. ‘The threat of violence within a framework of well-nigh limitless power is a weapon by which the weak are held in check.’ [20] The fear experienced by the weaker group is the mechanism by which they reduce their exposure to violence.

‘American Christianity has betrayed the religion of Jesus almost beyond redemption. [23] Thurman, p38 Summary: How, then, do the teachings of Jesus address fear, and its crippling effects? https://www.bu.edu/today/2011/who-was-howard-thurman/, http://www.pbs.org/thisfarbyfaith/people/howard_thurman.html, http://archives.bu.edu/web/howard-thurman/howard-thurman-collection, https://www.facebook.com/pg/FORUSA/about/?ref=page_internal, http://www.quakersintheworld.org/quakers-in-action/230/Rufus-Jones, http://www.bu.edu/admissions/student-life/community-diversity/mlk/, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Martin-Luther-King-Jr, Meet the theologian who helped MLK see the value of nonviolence (The Conversation), Meet the Theologian Who Helped Martin Luther King Jr. See the Value of Nonviolence | BCNN1 - Black Christian News Network, Reflections on C. S. Lewis’ The Great Divorce, Richard Allen and the AME Church, Part 2: Legacy, Richard Allen and the AME Church, Part 1: Richard Allen, Sojourner Truth Part 2: Woman of Influence, Howard Thurman: Jesus and the Disinherited, For A Higher Power: From Hacksaw Ridge to Muhammad Ali, To Heaven and Back II: Miracles from Heaven. The natural extension of this argument, then, is that, places of worship, the church, should be at the forefront of harmony between the races, of the privileged and of the oppressed.

[39] Thurman, p88 The devastating emotional effects of avoiding conflicts due to fear is nothing less than death to ‘self’. [33] Hatred knows nothing of the injustice that may have brought about its birth. Indeed, it is this realization that has given hope to millions of oppressed people throughout the world, who know that weeping may stay for the night, but rejoicing comes in the morning (Ps. He states, for example: If a Roman soldier pushed Jesus into a ditch, he could not appeal to Caesar; he would be just another Jew in a ditch. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Jesus and the Disinherited, Chapter 4: Hate and Chapter 5: Love. Throughout the book, Jesus is presented as a wise, loving sage, but never as a divine figure who made any kind of Messianic claims, as the historical Jesus did. What am I?” (p. 49). The final chapter is about love, and how love between those in power and those with their backs against the wall can only be the result of relationships built on mutuality. 8:21. The pastor got around this by transferring the text from the eulogy to a prayer. For the Jewish people in Jesus’s day, their most urgent concern was their “… attitude toward Rome…. [5] an ‘interfaith organization’ whose current mission is ‘ to organize, train, and grow a diverse movement that welcomes all people of conscience to end structures of violence and war, and create peace through the transformative power of nonviolence.’ [6]. [4], In the late 1920’s Thurman became the first African American board member of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR). [31] Thurman, p62 A Short Review of Smith and Emerson’s Divided By Faith. [10] http://archives.bu.edu/web/howard-thurman/howard-thurman-collection

What are you doing over here? Thurman calls this a ‘respect for personality.’ [41] It is an attitude that realizes that even the oppressor is a human being as well. Jesus and the Disinherited was the fruit of Thurman’s answer to this challenge. He graduated from Colgate-Rochester in 1926, and was ordained a Baptist minister [3] He began his first pastorate at Mount Zion Baptist Church in Oberlin, Ohio. Habitually adopting any one hound of hell ultimately takes its toll on the humanity of the oppressed, further stealing from them their dignity and their ability to reimagine the world and work for genuine social transformation. In the face of this injustice, hatred becomes ‘morally justified.’ [32] However hatred ultimately destroys the ‘core of life of the hater’ guaranteeing final isolation from fellow human beings.
In answer to fear, Jesus affirms our status as children of God, which “tends to stabilize the ego and results in new courage, fearlessness, and power” (p. 50).
There would be room for all, and no man would be a threat to his brother. He attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, [2] then went on to Colgate-Rochester Theological Seminary in Rochester, NY, the oldest Baptist seminary in the United States. The most “crucial issue” any human faces is sin.

It was not because he lacked the vitality or the strength. [9] http://archives.bu.edu/web/howard-thurman/howard-thurman-collection Jesus is presented as a liberator from oppression, not as a liberator from sin. Inspired by the Gospels, Jesus and the Disinherited offers four basic principles to the marginalized and underprivileged, to prevail in their struggle against injustice and oppression, to realize their rightful place as full human beings with rights endowed not by man but by God. Despite the title of this book, it is not so much an analysis of Christianity, but rather an examination of the psychological struggles Americans of African heritage … _�'��r�1�. Thurman points to passages where Jesus proclaims his role to relieve the oppressed from their burdens.

He affirmed life, and death was the great denial. As I mentioned above Thurman wrote numerous books, letters and sermons, and a deeper understanding of his views of Jesus is warranted. Many, including myself, who were raised in a Christian faith based on domination and exclusion, left the church and any positive affiliation with Jesus. It is a profound call to action for Christians and all people who are interested in a faith-based social justice. Jesus and the Disinherited: Deception and Hate Deception and hate are two topics I don't often think about but they really impact our character. It cannot be denied that too often the weight of the Christian movement has been on the side of the strong and the powerful and against the weak and oppressed—this, despite the gospel. Fear can focus the mind and train the body to avoid situations and encounters which could lead to violence or death. It takes cruelty and brute force for human subjugation to work. He knew that the goals of religion as he understood them could never be worked out within the then-established order. As Thurman paraphrased Jesus at the end of Chapter 1, Jesus says, “you must abandon your fear of each other and fear only God. Love your enemies, do not hate then, even though they may despise and hurt you. The book Jesus and the Disinherited was published by Howard Thurman in 1949. ‘Take no thought for your life, what you shall eat, what you shall drink; nor yet for your body, what you shall put on…’ [23] The argument is that if God were to know how many hairs are on your head, would he not ensure the deliverance of your spirit, your life? Subscribers receive full access to the archives. Under the pressure they were the human family… in immediate candidacy for the profoundest fellowship, understanding, and love” (p. 104). [17]. Jennifer Powell McNutt and Amy Beverage Peeler.

[35] Thurman, pp 77-78 Finally, Thurman argues, that for those who have suffered at the hands of an oppressive group, love can only flow after forgiveness. In Jesus and the Disinherited, Thurman insists that to fight and struggle against oppressive powers and principalities requires a spiritual reservoir that can only be filled through the practice of spiritual disciplines like silence, contemplation, meditation, and prayer. ‘It is clear that before love can operate, there is the necessity for forgiveness of injury perpetuated against a person by a group.’ [42] Why? What does the religion of Jesus offer to those with their backs against the wall? Boston: Beacon Press. Jesus of Jesus and the Disinherited is a Jesus that we hardly ever see in mainstream Christianity. —Howard Thurman. [32] Thurman, p74

Thurman presents a Jesus of revolution, who is difficult to understand unless you have made a conscious decision to submit to his teachings. A man must love his neighbor directly, clearly, permitting no barriers between.” From Thurman’s perspective, wherever the spirit of Jesus “appears, the oppressed gather fresh courage; for he announced the good news that fear, hypocrisy, and hatred, the three hounds of hell that track the trail of the disinherited, need have no dominion over them.”. – Although the forward by Vincent Harding says that “superficial readings” of Thurman might suggest “elements of liberation theology,” I agree that such a reading would be incorrect. This encounter ‘completed his conversion to nonviolent social activism.’ [12], In 1953 the president of Boston University, Harold Case, invited Thurman to become Professor of Spiritual Resources and Disciplines in the School of Theology and Dean of Marsh Chapel. The oppressed must then seek to avoid all encounters that may bring him into conflict with the dominant group, a conflict the oppressed knows that he can never win. Thurman discusses three types of enemies: personal–those with whom you come into contact on a personal level; those who are in positions of authority and have the power to ‘shame and humiliate’ you.

Christian Collins Winn is associate professor of theology at the Global Center for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Ireland and Teaching Minister at Colonial Church in Edina, Minnesota. Your email address will not be published. Speaking Out is Christianity Today’s guest opinion column and (unlike an editorial) does not necessarily represent the opinion of the publication. Howard Washington Thurman (1899–1981) played a leading role in many social justice movements and organizations of the twentieth century. "In his seminal 1949 book, Jesus and the Disinherited, Thurman provided an interpretation of the New Testament gospels that laid the foundation for a nonviolent civil rights movement. We were taught that to be Catholic meant caring for the under-privileged and under-served, and sharing whatever wealth or good fortune we might have stumbled upon in our own lives with those most in need. That it became, through the intervening years, a religion of the powerful and the dominant, used sometimes as an instrument of oppression, must not tempt us into believing that it was thus in the mind and life of Jesus. You must not indulge in any deception and dishonesty, even to save your lives. Jesus rejected hatred because he saw that hatred meant death to the mind, death to the spirit, death to communion with his Father. [1] Dixie, Quinton; Eisenstadt, Peter (2011). Standing always beyond the reach of citizen security, he was perpetually exposed to all the “arrows of outrageous fortune.” And there was only a gratuitous refuge—if any—within the state.’. Howard Thurman was born in Daytona, Florida, in 1899.

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