As you will soon discover, the entire city is caught in the grip of a stinky crisis. Could one be the solution to today’s sanitation challenges? Newspapers are calling this crisis “the Great Stink.”Â. To avoid a goopy mess, people began connecting their toilets directly to the sewers—and therefore to the river.Â. Then the stench became unbearable. In the end, all that’s left is a mix of water, carbon dioxide, and some harmless worm poop that can be used as fertilizer. The sewer system officially opened in 1865. When cooking oil and grease are poured down the drain, they end up in sewers, where they harden into fat. This article was originally published in the April 2020 issue. These critters eat organic waste— including feces. Make sure to end your letter with a closing like “Sincerely,” or “Hope to hear from you soon!” and then sign your name. Waste would be carried past the city, away from where people lived. London had already suffered three major cholera epidemics. Need help organizing your thoughts? In the scorching summer of 1858, it became a crisis. By the middle of the century, London was the biggest city in the world, with 2 million people. Soot from factories blackened the air. In 1866, one final cholera epidemic struck London, but it was limited to a neighborhood that had not yet been connected to the new sewer system. It was designed to prevent human waste from flowing into the River Thames. Listen to the lower-Lexile audio version of the article with students. Where would all that waste go? People miles away threw up after catching a whiff on the wind. But you don’t notice any of that. This high heat, along with oxygen, makes certain bacteria grow—bacteria that naturally break down waste over time. If a fatberg gets big enough, it clogs pipes and causes sewage to overflow. To avoid a goopy mess, people began connecting their toilets directly to the sewers—and therefore to the river.Â. Some familiarity with how modern sewage systems work will aid in comprehension. But because toilets used a lot of water, they caused the cesspools to overflow. Highlighted words: conventional, developing countries, epidemics, fertilizer, intricate, organic, putrid, treatment plants. Learning Objective: Students will synthesize information from two articles to draw a conclusion: The need for safe sanitation has sparked inventions for dealing with human waste.Â, Want to hear this story read aloud by a Storyworks writer? These sticky blobs trap up all kinds of stuff: baby wipes, cotton balls, food scraps- stuff that should be recycled or placed in the trash, not flushed. Many developing countries don’t have enough of either. Over the years, however, these antique sewers have started to fall apart. It might seem like the answer is to build more toilets and sewer systems in these places, but it’s not that simple. TM ® & © 2020 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Soon there was too much night soil to collect and not enough farmers to buy it. Let’s journey to the city of London, England, in the summer of 1858. But the sewers were never meant for human waste. Most homes had a bathroom. It was the Great Stink of 1858 bowling over the politicians that finally got some results, though. Government leaders worked in a building beside the Thames. Want to hear this story read aloud by a Storyworks writer? Click here!

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